Xia Shouren (1905 1986), a native of Jinxian County, Liaoning Province. Mr. Xia loved Chinese medicine since he was young. He went to Japan to study acupuncture at the Institution of Higher Learning of Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Tokyo in his early years. In 1941, he returned home to practice medicine in Beijing. With his superb technology, remarkable curative effect, and economic and convenient acupuncture methods, he was welcomed by the majority of patients of working class and soon gained a reputation in Beijing.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, in 1958, he was hired by Beijing Advanced School of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) as a Teacher and Head of the Acupuncture Teaching and Research Group. In 1966, he was transferred to Beijing Hospital of TCM as Chief Physician of the Department of Acupuncture. In 1978, he was identified as the priority academic experiences inheritance object among the famous old doctors of TCM in Beijing.
Mr. Xia was proficient in acupuncture and moxibustion theory, had accumulated decades of clinical experiences, and had formed his own unique guiding ideology and method of treatment. He advocated "acupuncture is appropriate for excess syndrome and heat syndrome; moxibustion is appropriate for deficiency syndrome and cold syndrome; needling by mistake will purge qi; moxibustion by mistake will injure yin". His had special perspectives to clinical acupuncture anesthesia and the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia, and the effect is significant. Mr. Xia attached great importance to the teaching and research of acupuncture and moxibustion, and personally wrote more than ten papers, such as Acupuncture and Moxibustion Prescriptions for Common Diseases, and Application Experience of Liushu Acupoint. After his death, he left all his property to the hospital. According to his will, the hospital merged his property with the legacy of Doctor Xu Gongyan, established the Medical Research Award Fund of Xu Gongyan and Xia Shouren for Young People in 1955. Mr. Xia's disciples Qu Yanhua and Xu Chunyang are still in the Department of Acupuncture of the hospital.